The Greek Parthenon The Parthenon was a dedication of the Athenians to the protectress of the city, Virgin Athenafor the salvation of the city and the victories of Athens against the Persians.
Here, the god of fire and metal Hephaestus was co-worshipped with Goddess Athena who was the guardian of the city of Athens. They were both the protectors of the arts and crafts and especially of the metallurgists and ceramists.
This temple is the first of the works proposed by Pericles. They begun building it before the Parthenon but the works were interrupted and finished after the Parthenon was ready. The architect of the temple has remained unknown but he is also responsible for the creation of three other famous temples of the time, the one of Poseidon in Sounio, the temple of Areos in Acharnes which was moved inside the ancient agora during the 1st century BC and the temple of Nemesis in Ramnounda.
The temple was divided in three parts. The ante temple, the main temple and a back way with 6 x 13 Doric pillars.
The temple inside probably had an internal ditone colonnade, copying the Parthenon and worshipping statues of Hephaestus and Athena Ergani created by sculptor Alkamenes.
The metopes, the internal frieze and the frontispieces presented the achievements of the two great heroes, Theseus and Hercules. A special emphasis was given to the achievements of Theseus and that is why there was posterior confusion for the identity of the monument.
Around BC the temple is transformed in a church dedicated to Agios Georgios, Saint George, who was named Akamatis during the Ottoman Rule, meaning lazy, because it was only allowed to have a service once a year. Later the temple became a burial location for the protestants.
Inside the temple, today, we can see gravestones of foreigners with latin characters that were meant to stay in Athens.
Among them is the English philhellenist Tuendel that Athenians mourned for as if he was a relative. On the marbles of this temple was carved the chronicle of medieval Athens during the period of Phidias, also spelled Pheidias, (flourished c.
– bce), Athenian sculptor, the artistic director of the construction of the Parthenon, who created its most important religious images and supervised and probably designed its overall sculptural tranceformingnlp.com is said of Phidias that he alone had seen the exact image of the gods and that he revealed it to man.
History. The history of the Ancient Greek civilization is divided into two eras, the Hellenic and the Hellenistic The Hellenic period commenced circa BC, (with substantial works of architecture appearing from about BC) and ended with the death of Alexander the Great in BC. When work began on the Parthenon in BC, the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power.
Work on the temple continued until ; the Parthenon, then, represents the tangible and visible efflorescence of Athenian imperial power, unencumbered by the depradations of the Peloponnesian War.
Acropolis: The Greek Parthenon. The Parthenon was a dedication of the Athenians to the protectress of the city, Virgin Athena, for the salvation of the city and the victories of Athens against the tranceformingnlp.com was built during BC and it belonged to the big construction program of Pericles which expressed the grandeur of the Athenians in its .
Feb 17, · Much of the sculpture that once enhanced the Parthenon in Athens was brought to London by Lord Elgin years ago.
Was this the act of a saviour or a vandal? Mary Beard looks at both sides of a. The Parthenon. At the approximate position where the Parthenon was built later, the Athenians began the construction of a building that was burned by the Persians while it .