See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract We investigate long-run effects of World War II on socio-economic status and health of older individuals in Europe. We construct several measures of war exposure—experience of dispossession, persecution, combat in local areas, and hunger periods.
Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany but took little action over the following months. InGermany launched its next initiative by attacking Denmark and Norway, followed shortly thereafter by attacks on Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.
All of these nations were conquered rapidly. The Battle of Britain Later in the summer ofGermany launched a further attack on Britain, this time exclusively from the air.
During the course ofthe Germans were slowly but steadily forced completely out of Soviet territory, after which the Russians pursued them across eastern Europe and into Germany itself in Soon the German army was forced into retreat from that side as well. Thus, by earlyAllied forces were closing in on Germany from both east and west.
The Soviets were the first to reach the German capital of Berlin, and Germany surrendered in Mayshortly after the suicide of Adolf Hitler.
Navy base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. By this time, Japan had already been at war with China for several years and had seized the Chinese territory of Manchuria. After the Pearl Harbor attack, Japan began a massive campaign of expansion throughout the Southeast Asia—Pacific region. Entrance and Battle of Midway Although the Pearl Harbor attack provoked a declaration of war by the United States on Japan the very next day, it would be several months before U.
In late spring ofthe United States and Japan engaged in a series of naval battles, climaxing in the Battle of Midway on June 3—6,in which Japan suffered a catastrophic defeat.
Between August and FebruaryAllied forces carried out an invasion on the island of Guadalcanal—the beginning of a long series of Allied offensives that would eventually force the Japanese out of the Solomons and then pursue them from various other Pacific island chains that the Japanese had earlier seized.
In the meantime, British and Indian forces were combating Japanese troops in Burma. As they neared Japan proper, the Allies began heavy bombing campaigns against major Japanese cities, including Tokyo.
This process continued through the summer of until finally, in early August, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Stunned by the unexpected devastation, Japan surrendered a few days later.world war i.
updated january jump to: timelines / primary documents, letters, & diaries. statistics & casualties / diplomacy and causes of the war.
participating countries / battle strategy & info. weapons & the troops / trench warfare / gas warfare. military medicine / war in the air & on the sea.
maps, images, art / war propaganda. spies - espionage - codes! The Aftermath of World War II was the beginning of an era defined by the decline of all European colonial empires and the simultaneous rise of two superpowers: the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (USA).
Allies during World War II, the USA and the USSR became competitors on the world stage and engaged in the Cold War, so called because it never resulted in overt, declared hot war. The main cause of World War II was the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany and its subsequent invasion of other countries.
The causes can be linked back to World War I. The main effects of WWII include the Cold War, occupation of territories and the widespread destruction in Western Europe.
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Mar 01, · We investigate long-run effects of World War II on socio-economic status and health of older individuals in Europe. We analyze data from SHARELIFE, a retrospective survey conducted as part of SHARE in Europe in SHARELIFE provides detailed data on events in childhood during and after the war for over 20, .
Racism was pervasive during World War II. Japanese Americans, Native Americans and African Americans all served to win equal treatment under the law.
The Effects of Racism During World War II.