Before you even select your builder, you should have an accurate idea of whether you can afford to build a house in your preferred location and how involved you want to be in the house building process.
Here's what to expect during the major phases of construction A step-by-step guide to the home building process.
Building your new home is exciting, especially when you understand how the process works. The 10 steps to build a new home are: Prepare construction site and pour foundation Construct rough framing Complete rough pluming, electrical If i were building a house HVAC Install insulation Complete drywall and interior textures; start exterior finishes Finish interior trim; install exterior driveways and walkways Install hard-surface flooring and countertops, and complete exterior grading Finish mechanical trims; install bathroom fixtures Install mirrors, shower doors and finish flooring, and finish exterior landscaping Final walkthrough with builder Chip Perschino, senior vice president of construction at Edward Andrews Homessays it's understandable that buyers are excited to see their new home, from start to finish.
To help you prepare for and understand your new home's construction, this article outlines the typical steps your builder will take during the construction of a new home and will help keep you abreast of what happens at key stages.
Keep in mind that the homebuilding process may vary from region to region and builder to builder, especially if you're building an elaborate custom home.
Be sure to ask your builder about his or her specific policies and procedures. It also gives us a chance to offer a one-on-one conversation that may not be the same via email.
Prepare site and pour foundation: Often, site preparation and foundation work are performed by the same crew, but this may not be the case with a wooded lot. Using a backhoe and a bulldozer, the crew clears the site of rocks, debris and trees for the house and, if applicable, the septic system.
The crew levels the site, puts up wooden forms to serve as a template for the foundation and digs the holes and trenches. Footings structures where the house interfaces with the earth that supports it are installed. If your home is going to have a well, it will be dug at this point.
If the home has a full basement, the hole is dug, the footings are formed and poured, and the foundation walls are formed and poured. If it's slab-on-grade, the footings are dug, formed and poured; the area between them is leveled and fitted with utility runs e.
Once concrete is poured into the holes and trenches, it will need time to cure. During this period, there will be no activity on the construction site.
After the concrete is cured, the crew applies a waterproofing membrane to the foundation walls; installs drains, sewer and water taps and any plumbing that needs to go into the first-floor slab or basement floor; and backfills excavated dirt into the hole around the foundation wall.
When the curing process is complete, a city inspector visits the site to make sure foundation components are up to code and installed properly. This inspection may be repeated depending on the type of foundation slab, crawl space or basement.
Your builder will then remove the forms and begin coordinating step No. The floor systems, walls and roof systems are completed collectively known as the shell or skeleton of the house. Plywood or oriented strand board OSB sheathing is applied to the exterior walls and roof and windows and exterior doors are installed.
The sheathing is then covered with a protective barrier known as a house wrap; it prevents liquid water from infiltrating the structure, while allowing water vapor to escape.
This reduces the likelihood of mold and wood rot. Complete rough plumbing, electrical and HVAC: Once the shell is finished, siding and roofing can be installed. At the same time, the electrical and plumbing contractors start running pipes and wires through the interior walls, ceilings and floors. Sewer lines and vents, as well as water supply lines for each fixture, are installed.
Ductwork is installed for the heating, ventilation and air conditioning HVAC system, and possibly the furnace. HVAC vent pipes are installed through the roof and insulation is installed in the floors, walls and ceilings. After the roofing goes on, the house is considered "dried in. Wiring for telephones, cable TV and music systems is included in this work.
Note that HVAC ducts and plumbing are usually installed before wiring, because it's easier to run wires around pipes and ducts than vice versa.
Rough framing, plumbing and electrical and mechanical systems are inspected for compliance with building codes. Most likely these will be three different inspections.
At this stage, drywall also known as plasterboard, wallboard or gypsum board is delivered to the building site. One of the most important qualities of insulation is its thermal performance or R-value, which indicates how well the material resists heat transfer.
Most homes are insulated in all exterior walls, as well as the attic and any floors that are located above unfinished basements or crawl spaces. The most common types of insulation used in new homes are fiberglass, cellulose and foam.
Depending on the region and climate, your builder may also use mineral wool otherwise known as rock wool or slag wool ; concrete blocks; foam board or rigid foam; insulating concrete forms ICFs ; sprayed foam; and structural insulated panels SIPs.When you're thinking about building a home, it's tempting to start by designing your dream house, but there are some essential steps that you need to take long before this.
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