Upadhyaya2 Pongamia Pongamia pinnata [L. Is a highly cross pollinated species R.
Decreased requirement of fertilisers and reduction of cultivation results in lessening of potential soil and chemical runoff. Pongamia seeds contain oils and Pongamia pinnata research paper acids.
Pongamia oil has traditionally been used for lanterns, cooking stove fuel, medicines, fodder, beautification, shade, and environmental protection and is currently of major interest for biodiesel production and aviation fuel.
Starch from the meal is also suitable for ethanol production. Other useful products from Pongamia trees include: Back to top Supplying To produce an efficient biomass, it is critical to minimise the supply chain and delivery costs of the oil to the refinery.
A model for growing Pongamia trees and harvesting, crushing and transporting the oil from its seeds to a refinery is described in the collaborative study Bioenergy in Australia: Status and opportunities [PDF, 9. The study also outlines, potential markets for by products from the oil extruding process.
Pongamia meal also known as karajin cake has been used successfully as green manure, a natural pesticide and a fungicide. There has also been extensive research into finding ways to use Pongamia meal as livestock feed however this has been less successful due to the cake being highly unpalatable.
The University of Queensland are also investigating the potential to develop and establish new types of production systems for Pongamia, as well as the value chains — for example for conversion of oil to aviation fuel.
The potential exists for exploring production systems combining Pongamia plantations, grazing and carbon farming which could provide enterprise diversification, reduction of risk, and reduced GHG emissions for the grower. Back to top Growing Pongamia trees have a mature height of 10 to 15 metres.
They prefer humid tropical and subtropical climates. In Australia, Pongamia are found in northern tropics and subtropical east coast ranging from the coastal fringe around Darwin through Cape York and as far south as northern NSW.
Origin Energy owns and operates the largest commercial trial site ha near Roma in central Queensland. The crop consists oftrees, which are irrigated with treated Coal Seam Gas water from the Spring Gully reverse osmosis treatment plant. Field trials have also been conducted to measure the growth of Pongamia in south-east Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory.
Optimal rainfall Critical high and low temperatures Frost tolerance Fertiliser application Best practices for managing pests, diseases and weeds.
Pongamia experts recommend that, for the first three years grazing livestock be excluded from the plantation in order to protect the trees from being damaged. This will necessitate mechanical control and removal of pasture from under and between the trees as well as some chemical control of weeds.
After that period sheep can be introduced into the plantation to manage the grasses and weeds.
This will in turn provide a secondary income from the plantation Section It shows that pod production starts around 4 to 14 years of age. Trees can produce anywhere from 0 to 30 kg of seed each year which can be stored up to 12 months.
Growers with trees that yield 20 kg of seed per year can expect to 7 tonnes seed per hectare per year on the basis that trees are planted per hectare. Summary of reproductive and yield variables based on Australian observations to date. Variable Range based on all observations in Australia Average.Hence this paper aims in finding out feasibility of using pongamia pinnata oil to CI engines directly by catalytic cracking in- stead of going for transesterificaiton.
Also TGA & DSC studies have been carried out with this oil showing encouraging results. Current Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 04 (02): 46 Antioxidant and Anti hyperammonemic activity Pongamia pinnata leaf extract shows circulatory lipid per oxidation and. July Paper of the Month: Genetic, Biochemical, and Morphological Diversity of the Legume Biofuel Tree Pongamia pinnata JUNE PAPER OF THE MONTH - New insight into soybean nodulation signals published in Plant Biotechnology Journal.
Variation in seed parameters and to CCF [Research] and field staff of Jharkhand biochemical composition of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre in Tamil Nadu.
In: Hegde NG, Daniel JN, Dhar S.
forest department for their cooperation in survey (Eds.), Proceedings of National Workshop on Jatropha and identification and collection of clones. A review study was done for recent research on Pongamia pinnata, which has mostly emphasized on its potential as fuel feedstock.
Regarding the raw Pongamiaoil characteristics, seed oil-content is. A Common View of the Opportunities, Challenges, and Research Actions for Pongamia in Australia.