Referencing texts in essays

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Referencing texts in essays

Bond,and provides a reference list of these citationsin alphabetical order by author, at the end of the assignment. It is here additional bibliographical details are noted, such as the title and publisher.

The first part of this guide looks at Harvard referencing within the text of your report, essay or assignment.

The second part looks at compiling the Reference list or Bibliography from examples, such as books and journal articles. The third part lists examples of other types of documents, such as Government reports and Law Cases. When you are making reference to an author and his work in the text of your essay, report or other assignment, and you directly mention the author, this is followed by the date of the work in brackets parenthesesand forms part of the sentence.

This view has been supported in the work of Cormack Making reference to published work appears to be characteristic of writing for a professional audience Cormack Jones ; Smith Where there are two authors for a particular work When there are two authors for a work, these should all be noted in your text.

Referencing texts in essays

White and Brown in their recent research paper found Or indirectly Slater and Jones White and Brown Where there are more than two authors for a work Where there are several authors more than twoonly the first author should be used, followed by "and others" or "et al". Or indirectly Recent research has found that the majority of The title should be written in italics.

Every effort should be made to establish the authorship, if you intend to use this work in an academic submission.

Marketing strategy Where there is no date The abbreviation n. Or indirectly Smith n.

APA Style Blog: Writing In-Text Citations in APA Style

Page numbers Including page numbers, from where a reference is made, particularly for quotationswill help the reader trace your sources.

Or indirectly Bloggs If the same author is responsible for several works written over one year which you are quoting from, these can be differentiated by adding a lower case letter after the year for each item.

Earlier research by Smith a found that If several works published in the same year are referred to on a single occasion - or an author has made the same point in several publications, they can all be referred to by using lower case letters as aboveBloggs a, b has stated on more than one occasion that Quotations Where you are quoting portions of published text If you want to include a statement from a published work in your essay, the sentence s must be included within quotation marks, and may be introduced to by such phrases as In order for a reader to trace the quoted section, it is good practice to give the number of the page where the quotation was found.

Additionally, highlight the quotation especially if it runs to several lines by placing it as an indented paragraph within your work and enclosing the quotation within speech marks. This clearly identifies the quotation as the work of someone else and not your own. On the topic of professional writing and referencing, Cormacp.

Edited works Where you are referring to the work of an author that appears as a chapter or part of a larger work edited by someone else Within the text of your essay, the reference should be cited using the name of the author of the part or chapter of text to which you are referring, and not the editor of the whole volume.Season winter and summer essay eel marsh house essay a pretty woman robert browning analysis essay dissertation on transferability in qualitative research 3 article dissertations difference between biography autobiography and narrative goods act essays on abortion, about zoo essays discovering the hero within myself essay for kindergarten stupeflip le cartable explication.

More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List. In-text citations: Author-page style. MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation.

Referencing texts in essays.

Harvard Referencing - essay writing help from

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Put the text "Works Cited" at the top center of the page. Generally the woks cited should include the name of the author, the name of the article used (if applicable), the name of the publication, the city of publication, and the year of publication of all the references that you used to write your essay.

Academic Referencing See also: Writing a Dissertation or Thesis. For information on how to reference this website not for academic purposes see the SkillsYouNeed referencing guide.

Reference in your text and in your reference list or bibliography at the end of your document.

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The Functions of References | Academic Writing in English, Lund University